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SELEKSI DAN KARAKTERISASI NENAS RENDAH OKSALAT

SELEKSI DAN KARAKTERISASI NENAS RENDAH OKSALAT

Hadiati, S.
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Buah Tropika
Jl. Raya Solok-Aripan Km 8 Solok Sumatera Barat 27301

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan 5 – 10 aksesi nenas sebagai kandidat nenas unggul dengan kandungan kasium oksalat rendah. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Januari 2005 - Desember 2005 di KP. Aripan –Solok. Bahan tanaman yang digunakan adalah 88 aksesi nenas hasil koleksi indigenous. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 1). Kandungan oksalat antar tanaman dalam satu aksesi dan antar aksesi bervariasi, 2). Kandungan oksalat aksesi hasil eksplorasi indigenous berkisar 1071.63 mg/100g – 4463.37 mg/100 g dan hasil seleksi sementara diperoleh 5 tanaman yang mempunyai kandungan oksalat relative rendah dibandingkan aksesi lainnya dengan TSS (≥ 15° Brix ), yaitu N–014.4 (1090 mg/100 g ; 16.67° Brix), N– 070.1 (1110 mg/100 g ; 16.80° Brix ; N– 001.3 (1150 mg/100 g ; 16.20° Brix), N– 055 (1230 mg/100 g ; 17.00° Brix), N– 004.2 (1260 mg/100 g ; 16.07° Brix).
Kata kunci: Ananas comosus; Aksesi; Seleksi; Oksalat

ABSTRACT. Hadiati, S. 2010. Selection and characterization of low oxalate pineapple. The objective of this research was to find 5 – 10 accessions of pineapple which have low content of oxalate, and those are as the leading candidate pineapple. The research was conducted at Aripan – Solok experimental station from January – December 2005. The plant materials used were 88 accessions of indigenous pineapple collection. The result showed that 1) the oxalate content within plants in one accession and among accessions is varied; 2). The oxalate content of accessions of indigenous pineapple collection, which have been evaluated, ranges between 1071.63 mg/100g – 4463.37 mg/100 g and temporary selection results are obtained 5 individual plants which have low oxalate with TSS level of more or less 15° Brix, namely : N–014.4 (1090 mg/100 g ; 16.67° Brix), N– 070.1 (1110 mg/100 g ; 16.80° Brix ; N– 001.3 (1150 mg/100 g ; 16.20° Brix), N– 055 (1230 mg/100 g ; 17.00° Brix), N– 004.2 (1260 mg/100 g ; 16.07° Brix).
Keywords : Ananas comosus; Accession; Selection; Oxalate

Prosiding : 
Seminar Nasional Program dan Strategi Pengembangan Buah Nusantara Solok, 
Balitbu Tropika Solok, 
10 Nopember 2010


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